Supervise when in or around water.
Designate a responsible adult to watch young children while in the bath and all children swimming or playing in or around water. Supervisors of preschool children should provide “touch supervision,” staying close enough to reach the child at all times. Because drowning occurs quickly and quietly, adults should not be involved in any other distracting activity (such as reading, playing cards, talking on the phone, or mowing the lawn) while supervising children, even if lifeguards are present.
Use the Buddy System.
Always swim with a buddy. Select swimming sites that have lifeguards when possible.
Seizure disorder safety.
If you or a family member has a seizure disorder, provide one-on-one supervision around water, including swimming pools. Consider taking showers rather than using a bath tub for bathing. Wear life jackets when boating.
Learn to swim.
Formal swimming lessons can protect young children from drowning. However, even when children have had formal swimming lessons, constant, careful supervision when children are in the water and barriers like pool fencing to prevent unsupervised access are still important.
Learn Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).
In the time it takes for paramedics to arrive, your CPR skills could save someone’s life.
Air-filled or foam toys are not safety devices.
Don’t use air-filled or foam toys, such as "water wings," "noodles," or inner-tubes, instead of life jackets. These toys are not life jackets and are not designed to keep swimmers safe.
Avoid drinking alcohol before or during swimming, boating, or water skiing. Do not drink alcohol while supervising children.
Don’t let swimmers hyperventilate before swimming underwater or try to hold their breath for long periods of time.
This can cause them to pass out (sometimes called “shallow water blackout”) and drown.
Know the local weather conditions and forecast before swimming or boating.
Strong winds and thunderstorms with lightning strikes are dangerous.